Below are the emergency supplies you need to stock for a three day period, which is really the minimum amount of time you should be prepared for.
Please note that once you've assembled these supplies they don't last forever. You must replace your emergency supplies of water and food when they reach their expiration dates.
Also, you should update your kit regularly, to make sure it meets your current family circumstances and that everything still works properly.
This includes making sure things like the batteries have been replaced with fresh ones, that degradable products, like the chlorine bleach, are still within their limits, and things like clothing still fit (especially important for growing kids).
A good way to do this regularly is to check and update the supplies both at the beginning and end of Daylight Saving Time, twice a year.
Here's the list: (for the printable version scroll down further)
Bottled drinking water (one gallon per person, per day)
Canned or packaged foods that do not need to be either refrigerated nor cooked (enough for three meals per person, per day) (don't forget about any special food needs of specific family members)
If you've got a baby, any baby supplies necessary such as formula, baby food, diapers, wipes and/or bottles (and consider baby wipes in your supplies even if you don't have a baby -- great for quick clean ups when there is no running water)
Paper towels, toilet paper, soap, detergent, feminine hygiene products, and other personal hygiene products
Household chlorine bleach (unscented) and medicine dropper – When diluted, nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water.
Prescription and nonprescription medicines
Extra eyeglasses, contact lenses and supplies, denture supplies, etc.
Plastic garbage bags for trash and waste disposal
Plastic sheeting and duct tape for creating shelter
Blanket or sleeping bag for each family member
Change of clothing and an extra pair of shoes for each person (if you live in a cold climate, consider also coats, gloves, etc.)
Basic tools (wrench, hammer, screwdriver, and scissors)
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